Agriculture in India

Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm outputs.agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries

India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples

Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for about 58 per cent of India’s population

As per Union Budget 2018-19, allocation of Rs 57,600 crore (US$ 8.9 billion) was made for The Agriculture Ministry.

Contribution of agricultiure in national income of india and govt. Initiatives 2018-2019

India is the world’s largest producer of pulses, rice, wheat, spices and spice products

In March 2018, the Government of India extended the urea subsidy to the farmers till 2020 ( estimated 45000 crore )

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) will be made faster and the government is aiming to increase the coverage under the scheme to 50 per cent of gross cropped area in 2018-19.

A soil health mobile app has been launched to help Indian farmer

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) with an investment of Rs 50,000 crore  aimed at development of irrigation sources for providing a permanent solution from drought.

The Government of India has allowed 100 per cent FDI in marketing of food products 

A new platform for selling agricultural produce named e-RaKam has been launched by the Government of India and will operate as a joint initiative of Metal Scrap Trade Corporation Limited and Central Railside Warehouse Company Limited (CRWC).

Investments in agriculture sector  2018

The first mega food park in Rajasthan was inaugurated in March 2018..( up to Rs 50 crores for each food park) A sanction of 42 food parks has been planned. A sanction of 42 food parks has been planned.( Harsi,rat kaur badal)

A loan agreement of US$ 318 million was signed between the Government of India, Government of Tamil Nadu and the World Bank in December 2017 for the ‘Tamil Nadu Irrigated Agriculture Modernization Project' through which is expected to benefit around 500,000 farmers in the state.
 

Revolutions in India

1. White Revolution: Milk and Dairy products
2. Blue Revolution: Fishing and marine products
3. Yellow revolution: Oil seeds especially mustard, sunflower etc.
4. Pink Revolution: onion
5. Rainbow Revolution: Fruits/breeding of ornamental fish
6. Brown Revolution: Cocoa/Leather
7. Black Revolution: Petroleum production
8. Grey Revolution: Fertilizer
9. Red Revolution: Meat, tomato
10. Round Revolution: Potato
11. Golden Revolution: Honey, Horticulture
12. Golden fiber: Jute
13. Silver fiber: Cotton

14. Silver: Eggs (Poultry)                                                           

15.Green revolution - foodgrains

Green Revolution in India

  • started by Norman Borlaug ( world )
  • Launched in the year 1966 & made succesfull by Dr MS Swaminathan ( india )
  • HYVP- High yielding Varities programme ….use of fertilizers  for agriculture
  • The state of Punjab led India's Green Revolution
  • Focus mainly – wheat,,  Rice

Second Gareen Revolution

  • It is called by DR manmohan singh at 93rd Science conference in 2006.
  • Target – to increase the production of food grains 400  million tonnes by 2020
  • Cover area – dryland farming area and concentrate on the small and marginal farmers

White revolution

  • To Increase milk production operation Flood was started by national diary Development Board in 1970 ( Father – Dr Verghese kurien )
  • India ranks 1st in Milk Production in world
  • The Anand pattern experiment at Amul, a single, cooperative dairy, was the engine behind the success of the program.Verghese Kurien, the chairman and founder of Amul, was named the chairman of NDDB by the then Prime Minister of India Lal Bahadur Shastr

Fishing in India

  • 3rd largest producer of fish in world  ( 1st china ,, 2nd indonessia )
  • India is 2nd largest producer of inland fish in the world
  • Marine, freshwater, and aquaculture fishing account for 9.60 billion kilograms fish production annually
  • After india it is vietnam -
  • United States  -Myanmar-Japan-Philippines-Russia - Chile

Tricolour revolution

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call for a “tricolour” revolution (June 9), where he has laid stress on “skills, scale and speed
  • Saffron Energy revolution- for promotion and better utilisation of solar energy
  • White revolution – to ensure cattle welfare and further the goals of white revolution
  • Blue revolution- for fishermans welfare , cleaning rivers and sea

Food security in India

  • Food security entails ensuring adequate food supply to people, especially those who are deprived of basic nutrition. 
  • India ranks 74 out of 113 major countries in terms of food security index
  • In order to provide the Right to food to every citizen ,  Parliament of India, enacted a legislation in 2013 known as the National Food Security Act, 2013. Also called as the Right to Food Act, this Act seeks to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India's 1.2 billion population.It was signed into law on 12 September 2013, retroactive to 5 July 2013.
  • Central Initiatives-  In 2017-18, over Rs 1500 billion have been allocated to provide food subsidies under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS)..
  • Rice, wheat = 3, 2 per kg , 5kg wheat per person per month
  • State Initiatives- Government of Tamil Nadu has launched 'Amma Unavagam' (Mother’s canteen),  commonly known as Amma canteen.
  • Banks for support in agriculture sector
  • RRB- Regional rural bank – Launched in 2nd oct. 1975 at Moradabad (, the Prathama Bank)  and Gorakhpur ( UP),, Bhiwani ( Haryana ,, Jaipur ( rajasthan ) malda ( west bengal )
  • Objective – to provide credit and other facilities to small and marginal farmers , agricultural labourers
  • These were set up on the recommendations of The narshimham committee
  • RRB were owned by the Central Government, the State Government and the Sponsor Bank
  • Share --Central Government – 50%, State Government – 15% and Sponsor Banks – 35%.. Till 2015= 56 RRB total

NABARD

National Bank For Agriculture And Rural development- set up in july 1982 ( headquarter- Mumbai)

established on the recommendations of B.Sivaraman Committee, (by Act 61, 1981 of Parliament) on 12 July 1982 to implement the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act 1981

It replaced the Agricultural Credit Department (ACD) and Rural Planning and Credit Cell (RPCC) of Reserve Bank of India, and Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation (ARDC)

looks after the development of the cottage industry, small scale industry and village industry, and other rural industries.

Kisan Credit Card-limit in punjabi-

is a credit scheme introduced in August 1998 by Indian banks

This model scheme was prepared (NABARD) on the recommendations of R.V.GUPTA committee to provide term loans and agricultural needs

Target- giving financial support to farmers. Participating institutions include all commercial banks, Regional Rural Banks, and state co-operative banks.

Food processing Industry of India

  • India is the 3rd largest country of Food producer in the world after china and US
  • Food processing Industry in India in terms of Production , consumption , exports  is the 5th largest industry of the country within India

Soil Health Card Scheme

  • launched by the Government of India in 19 February 2015
  • All soil samples are to be tested in various soil testing labs across the country. Thereafter the experts will analyse the strength and weaknesses (micro-nutrients deficiency) of the soil and suggest measures to deal with it. The result and suggestion will be displayed in the cards. The government plans to issue the cards to 14 crore farmers. . Arunachal PradeshGoaGujaratHaryanaKeralaMizoramSikkimTamil NaduUttarakhand and West Bengal were among the states which had not issued a single SHC under the scheme